The congenital curvature is a problem that men are born with. Diffrential growth of the two corpora cavernosa ( two cylinders that give erection to penis) leads to curvature of the shaft towards the normal and longer cavernosa. Thus bend can happen to either to right or to left.
The exact cause of Peyronie's disease is not known. In this disease common among diabetics, a plaque of scar forms over the upper surface of the penile shaft. There could be several possible agents that cause this scar, like elevations in serotonin, Vitamin E deficiency, genetic causes or beta-blocking medications. Some researchers are of the belief that minor vascular traumas to the pens during exercises or sex occurring repeatedly can cause scar formation.
Trauma to the cavernosa like penile fracture can result in scar formation and thus curvature. Prominent frenulum pulls down the glans down words and cause bent glans.
What are the symptoms of penile curvature?
The condition is usually first recognized around puberty or the early adulthood as erections start happening then. Penis looks normal when not erect. Many adult boys recognizes it as they find it difficult to have sex because of the curvature. Both partners can experience pain while having intercourse.
- an unusual angulation of the penis
- pain during erections or sex
- a plaque or scar on the upper surface of the shaft of penis
- anxiety or stress
- erectile dysfunction
- an inability to have intercourse
What are the different phases of Peyronie's disease?
Peyronie's disease can be usually divided into two phases:
The acute phase continues for the starting 18 to 24 months and causes the most pain
The chronic pain begins after the acute phase where the pain is less. However, the plaque or the scar cause more curvature and becomes more refractory to treatment and might be beginning to develop large deposits of calcium